The meaning of Mudras in meditation is one of the main concerns for meditators. Each mudra really has a particular meaning. Therefore, knowing about the mudras and its meanings as well as its benefits will help the meditators practice them better and achieve a greater result from meditation.
Overview of Mudras and Its Meanings
The “mudra” is a Sanskrit word which means “mark” or “closing the door”. In meditation or practicing Pranayama, each mudra posture has a specific role as well as meaning in the control of energy.
In the scientific perspectives, each and every part in the hand is closely connected to the brain. Thus, while the meditators practice the Mudras, it also means they stimulate the various parts of the brain and create the flow of energy. As a result, they themselves can create the special states or emotions such as calmness, peace, joy, or creativity, and loving kindness, etc.
According to the Five Elements’ philosophies, each finger represents one element. The thumb shows the Fire element, the index finger features for Air element and personal awareness. The rest three fingers are the Space (Connection), Ground, and Water element respectively.
Hereby some popular mudras and its meanings in meditation.
1. Dhyana Mudra (or Cosmic Mudra)
Putting your left hand on the palm of your right hand, the palm of the right hand is toward the sky, and both of the thumbs are on the opposite each other. The top of the thumbnails touches together. Your wrists are totally relaxed on your thighs. This posture represents the harmony of the mind. It also supports the flow of energy for the meditators to keep calm and think.
2. Anjali Mudra
Both of the hands are placing opposite to each other and the fingers are upward to express the sincere and respect to the Cosmic. By showing our love to the Cosmic, we learn to accept and love ourselves, too. So, people often call that Anjali Mudra is the symbol of love and gratitude. In reality, we can easily find this posture in many religions, especially when the faithful followers show their belief in their Gods.
3. Prana Mudra
To practice this Mudra, it is vital to hold the thumb, the ring finger, and the little finger together. According to the Pranayama’s philosophy, this posture reflects the core energy – Prana and stimulates this strong energy. Thus, the meditators will be full of energy and stronger. That is the reason why people also call it “the mudra of life”.
4. Buddhi Mudra
In this posture, the thumb and the little finger touch each other gently. In the Five Elements’ philosophy, the thumb is typical for Fire element, whereas the little finger is the symbol of Water element. When the thumb and little finger connect together, it shows the communication and open-mindedness. It is also believed that Buddhi Mudra can improve the visual knowledge.
5. Surya Ravi Mudra
To practice Surya Ravi Mudra, you hold the thumb and the ring finger together. From the Five Elements’s doctrine, the ring finger is the representative of the Ground element. Thus, it is also called “Mudra of Earth”. And Surya Ravi Mudra can bring the energy, health, as well as the positive changes in life. For examples, it can not only reduce the exhaustion but also improve the food cravings. After practicing this posture, you will definitely be healthier.
6. Shuni Mudra
Shuni Mudra is the posture of the thumb and the middle finger touching on each other which shows the harmony between Fire (thumb) and Space (middle finger). It also describes the discipline, patience, and peace. Whenever the meditators feel weak or need help, they can practice Shuni Mudra to feel be more strengthened.
7. Vayu Mudra
Vayu mudra is quite same as the Chin Mudra. To practice this posture, first of all, you place the tip the index finger at the base of the thumb. Then, pressing the thumb upon the index finger, while keeping the rest three fingers straight.
In fact, Vaya mudra is also called the “Mudra of Air” because it can harmonize the flows of air in the body and release the residual air outside the body. Moreover, it has a positive effect in reducing rheumatism.
8. Shunya Mudra
Shunya mudra is also had other names such as “Mudra of Emptiness” or “Mudra of Hearing”. One of the main reason for its names is its reduction the diseases relating to the hearing. To practice this, you should press the first knuckle of the thumb on the second knuckle of the middle finger.
9. Chin Mudra
Chin Mudra maybe the most popular mudra posture in yoga, meditation. To make Chin mudra, you place the index finger on the thumb, while the other three fingers are stretching and closing together. This posture has a special meaning: the total harmony between the Fire and Air as well as the unity of the cosmic awareness and the personal awareness.
Besides that, people also call it “Gyana mudra” or the mudra of brain or knowledge because of its benefits for the concentration and creativity. It is supposed that practicing Gyana mudra regularly can reduce the psychological disorder. For examples, whenever you feel stressful or worried too much, you can try Gyana mudra.
Because Chin mudra is really a meaningful and popular posture in both Yoga and meditation, we should understand its practice and spiritual meaning carefully.
How to practice Chin mudra exactly?
+Placing the top of the index finger on the first knuckle of the thumb. If two fingers create a circle, it means you make it right.
+Stretching the middle finger, ring finger, and little finger and holding them close together.
+Keeping the palm up.
The Meaning of Chin Mudra in Indian’s Philosophy
First of all, let us discover the meanings of Chin and Mudra. In Sanskrit words, “Chin” means “alertness“, and “Mudra” is “closing the door“. Literally, it does not suppose to “close the alertness“. In contrast, its meaning is extremely subtle.
According to Indian’s worldview, each finger has a specific meaning. For examples:
+ First, Thumb refers to “The Ultimate Soul” or “The soul of God inside ourselves“.
+ Next, Index fingers symbolize “The individual soul“.
+ Then, Middle finger represents “The Ego“.
+ After that, Ring finger reflects “The Illusion“.
+ Finally, Little finger expresses “The Bad Karmas“.
Thus, while holding the thumb and index finger, we connect and harmonize the individual soul and the ultimate soul, and stretching the “Ego, Illusion, Bad Karmas” means to delete all of ego, illusion, and bad karmas from our life.
As a result, when we practice Chin Mudra, we make the great connection and harmony between our soul and the cosmic soul. No matter what kind of belief systems, Five Elements, Yoga & Meditation, or Indian’s worldview, Chin Mudra shares the same meaning: the Unity between the individual soul and cosmic soul creating the alertness and awareness. Therefore, when we practice Chin Mudra daily, we make effort to awake and plant the good seeds inside ourselves as well as close and delete the bad thoughts. In the figurative meaning, Chin Mudra really means “Awaking the good Self” and “Closing the bad Karmas“.
The Physical and Psychological Benefits of Chin Mudra
Besides deeply spiritual meanings, Chin Mudra can absolutely bring positive effects to the physical and psychological health. For more details, let us read the following information:
+ Maintaining and stimulating the Prana energy.
+ Improving the concentration.
+ Reducing depression, stress, and the symptom of sleep loss.
+ Relieving back pain. (It sounds great, isn’t it?)
It is clear that each Mudra has a special effect, from the most significant meaning in the spiritual journey to the most practical daily benefits. That’s the reason why discovering about mudras and its meaning is really a great thing.
In fact, there are many mudras and its meanings can be different, depending on the various systems of belief. In this articles, we just mention the meaning of mudra in meditation. And we will keep on discovering about the body postures, mudra postures meanings in a variety of religions, culture, etc on the related content.